Resolutions


The following resolutions were drafted by Mr. Zia Rizvi (Director General, Independent Bureau for Humanitarian Issues) at WANGO Annual Conference 2003 in Bangkok, Thailand, and were presented at the Closing Plenary Session, where they were approved by the WANGO members in attendance. Dr. Thomas J. Ward (Dean of the International College, University of Bridgeport), Taj Hamad (WANGO Secretary General), and other participants also provided some editorial assistance.



Resolution
Toward an Ethical and Caring Global Community

We, the Representatives of non-governmental organizations from countries belonging to all continents and regions, assembled in Bangkok, Thailand from 25 to 28 September 2003, in the context of the Annual Conference of the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO), hereby adopt the following resolution on the theme of the conference: "Toward an Ethical and Caring Global Community":

        Being aware of the dramatic increase in recent years of the number, importance and diversity of non-governmental organizations,

        Recognizing the vital role that non-governmental organizations can play to promote, on the basis of the growing scale and scope of their activities, the well-being of fellow human beings as well as the welfare of communities and countries around the world,

        Realizing the increasing importance of non-governmental organizations, needed by governments as well as international organizations, as implementing agencies,

        Recalling the purposes of the United Nations which, as stated in Article 1 of the Charter, include "taking effective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to peace and the suppression of acts of aggression...", as well as achieving "international cooperation in solving international problems of economic, social, cultural or humanitarian character,"

        Emphasizing that the relationship between the rich and the poor, the powerful and the powerless, should be based on the twin concepts of human fraternity and equality,

        Bearing in mind the urgent need to make every effort and take every step "Toward an Ethical and Caring Global Community," and to act as advocates and agents for such a community,

1. Call upon all governmental and non-governmental organizations to promote empathy, fairness and justice at the global level as well as at local and national levels in the context of their activities;

2.  Urge governmental and non-governmental organizations to link ethics to action at all levels and to promote a "new international humanitarian order" capable of meeting the new challenges facing humankind, as suggested by the UN General Assembly in a series of resolutions;

3.  Appeal to all fellow human beings to treat humankind as one large family living in the "global village" where each person's duties, responsibilities as well as happiness should be linked to helping and caring for fellow human beings;

4.  Request the United Nations System as well as regional organizations to help governments to develop national "social policies" and promote social protection of all citizens while taking fully into account the role that non-governmental organizations can play in this regard;

5.  Further request governments to provide the necessary human and financial resources to the intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to act effectively in the social field and to protect human rights;

6.  Stress the need for governments to adopt more liberal, transparent and supportive legislation in favor of non-governmental organizations and to adapt and adjust governmental practices accordingly;

7.  Appeal to all non-governmental organizations to follow an ethical code of conduct and serve as role models in terms of morality, efficiency, transparency, diligence and tenacity while fully respecting universally accepted norms and principles;

8.  Call upon all governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental organizations to promote humanitarianism as an attitude for individuals and a framework for policy-makers;

9.  Decide to build and consolidate through their mandates and activities, a nexus between human rights and humanitarian issues leading to tangible results in the field of human welfare "without distinction as to race, gender, language or religion";

10. Decide further to make every effort to assist in local capacity building in order to enable communities and countries to be self-sufficient and to preserve human dignity and self-respect.





Resolution
Symposium A: Trafficking in Women and Children in Asia

We, the Representatives of non-governmental organizations from countries belonging to all continents and regions, assembled in Bangkok, Thailand from 25 to 28 September 2003, in the context of the Annual Conference of the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO), hereby adopt the following resolution on the theme of a special symposium organized during the Conference relating to "Trafficking in Women and Children in Asia":

        Taking note with deep concern of the increasing number of women and children victims of illegal and immoral human trafficking,

        Realizing that, in view of its magnitude and frequency, trafficking in humans can now be considered the third largest source of organized crime after drugs and arms,

        Recognizing also that human trafficking constitutes a serious violation of fundamental human rights as well as the rights of women and children,

        Being aware that the number of women and children victims of illegal trafficking could rise from hundreds of thousands to millions every year within the foreseeable future if adequate measures are not taken in time to stem the tide of trafficking,

        Recognizing that in recent years in South and Southeast Asia, there has been not only an increase in the illegal trafficking of women and children, but also a decrease in the average age of the victims,

        Recognizing further that human trafficking is a slavery-like process involving bonded labor, forced prostitution and domestic servitude,

1.  Decide to analyze the overall situation with a view to eliminating the root causes of this illegal and immoral activity at the national and regional levels;

2. Urge the governmental and non-governmental organizations concerned to intensify their efforts to put an end to human trafficking;

3.  Request governments of the producing and receiving countries in the trafficking process to take urgent measures to adopt appropriate legislation and take administrative as well as law enforcement measures designed to punish the criminals involved;

4.  Invite the governmental and non-governmental organizations in the producing and receiving countries to establish systems to monitor and combat the illegal and immoral process of human trafficking;

5.  Call upon all non-governmental organizations concerned to make every effort through the media, public symposia and other available means to enhance public awareness of these illegal activities  and to influence the policy-making process at national and regional levels;

6.  Appeal to governments and the international donor community to increase their support to the efforts of the non-governmental organizations concerned;

7.  Decide to undertake regular review of the efforts being made at the national and regional levels and to pursue tenaciously the efforts to eliminate the problem while providing appropriate material and psychological assistance to the victims.



Resolution
Symposium B: Towards an Inter-religious Council at the United Nations

We, the Representatives of non-governmental organizations from countries belonging to all continents and regions, assembled in Bangkok, Thailand from 25 to 28 September 2003, in the context of the Annual Conference of the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO), hereby adopt the following resolution on the theme of a special symposium organized during the Conference relating to "Towards an Inter-religious Council at the United Nations":

        Recognizing that the United Nations is facing at present one of the greatest crises since its inception, and is in dire need of strengthening through collective support of the international community;

        Recalling that in the Millennium Declaration of 18 September 2000, the Member States of the United Nations decided, inter alia, that they "will spare no effort to make the United Nations a more effective instrument," including the provision of "greater opportunities to the private sector, non-governmental organizations and the civil society to contribute to the realization of the Organization's goals and programmes,"

        Being aware of the fact that the United Nations System as a whole depends in large measure on non-governmental organizations for the implementation of most of its projects and programmes,

        Realizing that traditionally all issues of peace and security are dealt with at the state level through diplomatic, political or military means,

        Realizing further that in recent years, developments around the world have clearly shown that religious and ethnic considerations must also be taken into account in addressing global peace and security issues,

        Recognizing that all religions in all parts of the world plead for peace and against violence,

1.  Take note of the efforts being made to strengthen the United Nations and to provide it with the necessary means to meet the new challenges facing humankind;

2.  Decide to analyze all options for action on the part of the governmental and non-governmental levels to strengthen the regional and international systems designed to promote peace and security;

3.  Decide further to explore the possibilities for establishment of an Inter-religious Council within the United Nations System in order to provide it with additional means to resolve conflict, promote interfaith and intercultural dialogue and international cooperation and thus to eliminate the root causes of tensions and conflicts.




Resolution
Symposium C: Microcredits and NGOs

We, the Representatives of non-governmental organizations from countries belonging to all continents and regions, assembled in Bangkok, Thailand from 25 to 28 September 2003, in the context of the Annual Conference of the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO), hereby adopt the following resolution on the theme of a special symposium organized during the Conference relating to "Microcredits and NGOs":

        Being aware that millions of impoverished people, especially women, in all parts of the world have benefited from microcredit schemes and that their number continues to increase,

        Recognizing that microcredit systems are effective means not only to reduce poverty, but also to promote self-sufficiency,

        Realizing that assistance through microcredit systems is complementary to infrastructural and developmental aid and that one approach does not necessarily exclude the other,

        Noting with satisfaction that non-governmental organizations have a vital role to play in the implementation of microcredit projects due to their closeness to common people and their community-based participatory approach to development,

        Being convinced that in war-torn societies and countries affected by armed conflicts, extensive support to the deprived through microcredit projects can play a decisive role in the peace-building process while preserving the dignity and self-respect of the beneficiaries,

1.  Appeal to governments and the international donor community to increase their support to microcredit projects and to non-governmental organizations involved in their implementation;

2.  Call upon all concerned to take fully into account the religious and cultural traditions of the beneficiaries, in the elaboration and implementation of microcredit projects;

3.  Decide to spare no efforts to further strengthen the role of non-governmental organizations in helping the impoverished at the grassroots level, particularly in countries affected by natural or man-made disasters;

4.  Decide further to keep this subject and the related efforts under constant review within the non-governmental community with the aim of facilitating mutual help and support.

 


Resolution
Symposium D: Humanitarian Efforts and NGOs

We, the Representatives of non-governmental organizations from countries belonging to all continents and regions, assembled in Bangkok, Thailand from 25 to 28 September 2003, in the context of the Annual Conference of the World Association of Non-Governmental Organizations (WANGO), hereby adopt the following resolution on the theme of a special symposium organized during the Conference relating to "Humanitarian Efforts and NGOs":

        Being aware of the vital role of non-governmental organizations in the humanitarian field including, in particular, the implementation of projects on behalf of governments and intergovernmental organizations,

        Realizing that the work of non-governmental organizations involves direct experience of realities on the ground and first-hand experience of humanitarian problems and challenges,

        Realizing further that non-governmental organizations play a central role in the provision of assistance during armed conflicts and particularly in the post-conflict period of reconstruction and rehabilitation,

        Recognizing that humanitarian efforts should be geared to promoting self-sufficiency instead of creating dependency and that humanitarian assistance must not have a negative impact on local economies,

        Recognizing further that it is better to act before a crisis than to react after it has taken its toll and that humanitarian efforts should be made to address the root causes of crises and not just concentrate on providing relief and emergency aid,

1.  Call upon governments and intergovernmental organizations to support and further strengthen the role of non-governmental organizations in the humanitarian field;

2.  Decide to promote self-sufficiency and undertake capacity-building at the local level;

3.  Call upon local non-governmental organizations to play a more active role in the advocacy as well as the mobilization of resources at the national level;

4.  Urge international non-governmental organizations to make it an essential part of their duty to establish and strengthen national non-governmental organizations so that locally available human resources can be more fully utilized, thus promoting self-sufficiency and cost effectiveness;

5.  Request all those involved in humanitarian efforts to develop empathy as well as knowledge and understanding of local realities and, in the case of man-made disasters, always bear in mind that "prevention is better than cure";

6.  Develop a detailed code of conduct and basic tenets of humanitarian action in emergency situations in order to maximize the impact of humanitarian aid and to overcome problems encountered in the field.