Panel Session Presentations
Panel Session A: Development and Environment
Poverty in Economically Depressed Areas
PRESENTER: Dr. Matthew H.S. Kuofie, CEO,
Motivational Centers International (USA)
Centers International, Inc., (MCII), a non-governmental organization and
non-profit organization, is headquartered in Brooklyn, New York. The
mission of MCII is to reduce poverty levels in economically depressed
areas-- inner cities of the USA and developing countries around the
world; this, MCII believes, will be achieved by training selected
unemployed-educated youth to align information technology with business
strategy that is related to their academic backgrounds and areas of
either high demand or creativity.
intends to provide to educated-unemployed youth free services,
including: (1) Train them to become entrepreneurs and have them align IT
and business strategy; (2) Assist them to set up and manage small
businesses; (3) Assist them to obtain funds and in-kind donations for
their businesses; and (4) Assist them to bid, win and implement
outsourced jobs from developed countries. MCII also seeks to provide the
following services: (1) Provide free referral services; and (2) Provide
There are a number of benefits, which will result from successful
implementation of the MCII plan. MCII graduates, entrepreneurs, will
employ other unemployed youth. The resulting increases in employment,
incomes, and consumption will lead to further investments, improvements
in overall standards of living and reduction in poverty levels.
International businesses will be attracted to developing
countries to take advantage of the new economic infrastructure, skilled
manpower and low cost labor. Moreover, the entrepreneurs will bid on IT
jobs in developed countries and have them implemented in economically
depressed areas. Developing countries will be able to export the excess
production to earn foreign exchange to support further growth of the
economy. Brain drain and crime wave will diminish as employment
MCII will have internal and external evaluators evaluate MCII’s
programs: To assess quality of services and impact in terms of poverty,
unemployment, brain drain and crime.
Food Equals More Forest – A Sustainable Model for Rural Development in
Reed, Founder and President, Sustainable Harvest International and Bruce
Maanum, Vice President for Programs, Sustainable Harvest International
presentation will include an overview of the global and local impacts of
slash-and-burn agriculture. It then will focus on Sustainable Harvest
International’s unique and successful model for reversing this harmful
Some of the strategies for success that we discuss include: 1)
Working only with people who have specifically asked for technical
assistance to adopt sustainable land-use practices. 2) Encouraging
participants to decide which new methods will work best for them instead
of using a cookie-cutter approach. 3) Working with local institutions
and hiring local experts to work with program participants.
4) Providing regular, long-term technical assistance until
participants are comfortable using the new techniques on their own.
Sustainable Harvest International and the 630 Central American
families with whom we work have planted nearly one million trees and
converted thousands of acres of degraded land to sustainable land-use
practices, thereby saving tens of thousands of acres of tropical forest
from slash-and-burn farming. Participating
families enjoy increased income (up to 2000%) from alternative cash
crops as well as better health due to greater and more varied food crop
Promotion of Ecotourism in Andalucia
Karl Opperman, President, ANDECO (Spain)
International Network of Ecotourism Promoters in Andalucía (ANDECO) was
founded on August 7, 1999. It is a non-profit, non- governmental
organization with a national and international membership whose
principal objective is the promotion of ecotourism in Andalucía.
is situated at the south of the Iberian Peninsula between two seas, the
Mediterranean and the Atlantic, and two continents, Europe and Africa.
Andalucía is a pioneer at the national and European level with 20% of
its territory protected in natural reserves of extraordinary value and
beauty. The richness of its natural diversity is unique and exceptional.
The regions of Andalucía have a very wide range of flora and fauna
thanks to their geographical position, climatic variety and geological
history. In Andalucía it is possible to pass from high, snow
covered mountains where there exist glacial lakes to a North African
mission of ANDECO is to preserve the living heritage of Andalucía, its
biological cultural and ethnic diversity, demonstrating that it is
possible to live harmoniously with the environment and raising
consciousness that the natural inheritance of the earth must be
maintained so that future generations prosper spiritually, culturally
and economically. We
wish to promote through ecotourism a better understanding between the
peoples of the planet, maintaining respect for and defence of ethnic,
cultural and biological diversity within a setting of sustainable
development. We wish to foster genuine cultural exchange with the
objective of sharing and transmitting the real values of Andalucía to
all the peoples of the world, thus bringing them into contact with its
Ecotourism represents an
integral and sustainable development choice for the world. Ecotourism is
seen as a tool for conservation and sustainable development. It is a new
way of promoting tourism based on collective and ethical principles for
the management of natural and cultural resources whose economic benefits
improve the quality of life of all sectors involved. It provides an
opportunity to strengthen environmental conservation. Ecotourism
is an activity which contributes to valuing the diverse ecosystems of
the world because they are visited with a view to protecting them for
the enjoyment of present and future generations.
presentation will discuss several projects of ANDECO, including an
ecotourism pilot project involving developing model ecological trails in
the Sierra de las Nieves, and the creation of an International
a Major Turning Point in the Creation of the Bimbia Bonadikombo
PRESENTER: Ludwig Makaka Manga
Williams, Forest Management, Bimbia Bonadikombo Community Forest Project
Cameroon is a country on the central and west
coast of Africa, situated east of Nigeria. It contains one of the three
wettest areas in the world, and is among the top 10 biodiversity hot
spots in the world. The Bimbia Bonadikombo Community Forest covers an
area of approximately 37 km2 and is under immense threat from
illegal chainsaw exploiters and farmers. The Community forest is
surrounded to the north and east by rubber and tea plantations of the
Cameroon Development Corporation and to the northwest lies the tall and
recently erupted Mount Cameroon. Southwards is the Atlantic ocean and
rubber plantations. The fertile, volcanic soil that supports the forest
is old and therefore facilitates the opening of farms. The community
forest is the last surviving coastal lowland rainforest between Limbe
and Douala and thus its part of the foothills that encircle Mount
Cameroon. Mount Cameroon is known as a center of endemism.
In the early 90s, the
Government of Cameroon made efforts to transform the Bimbia Bonadikombo
Forest into a reserve. However this idea didn’t achieve its logical
conclusion after the introduction of a new forestry law giving
communities the opportunity to acquire and manage a community forest.
major source of friction, which existed in the past, was the
classification of Bimbia Bonadikombo as a communal forest. This
classification was erroneously interpreted by non-indigenes as no mans
land “a toilet without a key leading to misuse”. “Strangers” or
non-indigenes abusively and unsustainably exploited the land and its
resources with no benefit going to the indigenes. Many non-indigenes
sold land and trees without authorization from the traditional
authorities. Aware of the rapid disappearance of their natural
resources, the natives of Bimbia and Bonadikombo villages raised their
voices for action, marking a turning point in the history of Bimbia and
This presentation will present an
overview of this community forest, and the conflicts before and after
the creation of this area. It will address issues related to the major
stakeholders in the area, changes in forestry law, illegal exploitation
of the area, major conflicts between parties, and a way forward from
conflict to cooperation.
Role of Non-Governmental Organizations in the Rural Development of Ghana
– The Case of the Obra Foundation
Mensah, Executive Director, Obra Foundation (Ghana)
Obra Foundation is a non-profit, non-governmental organization
established in 1998 to promote the welfare of the rural and the
disadvantaged people in society, especially women and children. The
Foundation was established by a group of committed individuals together
with two Dutch Philanthropists (Olga Wildschut and Jacqueline Gomashie)
who also shared the vision of the other local members. The Foundation
has been involved in the promotion of education and health especially in
the West Akim District of Ghana. In the area of education, the
Foundation, through the assistance of development partners like the
American Ambassador Self Help project and the Japan Embassy Assistance
to Grassroots Project, have completed the reconstruction of six
classroom blocks for the Amarkrom Anglican Junior Secondary and Oden L/A
primary schools respectively. At the moment, there is another
construction of a six-class room block for the Local Authority Primary
School for Maame Dede a village closed to Adeiso.
Since year 2000, the foundation has been working in the area of
HIV/AIDS. For the next ten or more, the Foundation will concentrate on
the HIV/AIDS project hand in hand with the provision of the educational
and health infrastructure.
The Foundation’s Mission Statement is: Obra Foundation is
committed to the development of deprived rural communities through the
promotion of quality education and good health especially for women and
children, as well as environmental issues.
This presentation will provide an overview on the objective of
the Foundation, the location of the organization, its role in the
development of rural communities, activities undertaken since 1998, the
methodology employed in addressing the HIV/AIDS pandemic, and future
Production at Asamankese, Ghana
PRESENTER: Frank Tichorla Wajule, Chief Executive Office, Hope for
Justice, and Isaac Nkansah, President, Archangels AIDS Network (Ghana)
has several non-governmental organizations working in rural communities
to help the Government of Ghana to improve and sustain the lives of the
resourced poor communities through various interventions. One of such
areas of interventions is the cassava project being implemented at
Asamankese, Ghana, in West Africa.
The project is being carried out jointly by two NGOs, namely,
Hope For Justice and Archangels AIDS Network. The latter organization is
promoting HIV/AIDS preventive education to keep the people in the
project area healthy, while the former organization, with the support of
the Root &Tuber Improvement Programme Unit of the Ghana Ministry of
Agriculture, is helping four farmer groups at Asamankese to grow the
improved cassava varieties in Ghana.
Cassava contributes significantly to the economy of Ghana, and
for that matter any developing countries whose economies depend mainly
on agriculture. Its multiplication in the formal planting material
sector started in the nineties, when four high yielding varieties were
released. The new varieties were found to be acceptable to the consuming
public, including food processors and industrialists. They were also
superior in yield, disease, and pest resistance to the existing local
The promotion of cassava growing in Ghana has become of a
particular concern to the two organizations, and NGOs in Ghana in
general, in order to complement the effort of the President of Ghana to
reduce the level of poverty in resource-poor communities through his
Cassava Initiative Project.
Several interventions have been made to promote the production of
cassava at Asamankese. These include arrangements for the provision of
planting materials of the four improved varieties of cassava for the
farmer groups and organizing training programs to upgrade the farmers
with the latest technology in cassava production by the Root & Tuber
Improvement Programme of the Ministry of Agriculture. This presentation
will discuss this important initiative, since the promotion of root and
tuber crop cultivation by NGOs can contribute substantially to the
national income of their countries. For instance, root and tuber
constitutes 40% of the total contribution of agriculture to the national
income of Ghana.
Your Heart to Africa
PRESENTER: Ras Caleb Appiah-Levi, Founder,
Chairman and CEO of Prodigy International Productions Association
Geldof, the British rock singer and winner of the 1986 Third World
Prize, became the world's ambassador for famine victims. He threw
his weight behind a popular campaign to raise money for relief in
Ethiopia in 1984,and in two years (1984-86), his venture lead other
charities in the United Kingdom to raise an extra 25 percent in
donations. Contributions to international charities also rose by more
than 160 percent. Geldof knew that as a rock star, he would have to
appeal mainly to the young, so in December,1984 he launched BAND- AID,
persuading most of UK's leading Rock musicians to record "Do You
Know It is Christmas?". He thought it would raise US$100,000. In
the end, it made 100 times that amount.
In July,1985, BAND-AID spanned LIVE AID ¾
simultaneous concerts in London and Philadelphia that were broadcast
world-wide to an audience of 1.5 billion; it was a technological
achievement which stressed the message that famine could be eradicated
if everyone gave. BAND-AID was an emergency measure to get food to
Africa quickly. The money from LIVE-AID was earmarked for longer term
projects, especially in agriculture and transport to build up Africa's
potential for producing food.
in a week of sporting events capped by a 10 kilometer run
attracting 10 million to 30 million runners across the world, took the
process a step further. Again money was a prime objective. When the
money started rolling in, Bob Geldof was adamant that, as much as
possible should find its way to Africa.
Figures put BAND-AID at the top of the league of cost efficient
charities. But Geldof’s fear was that as aid-giving became
"hip", it will soon become boring. So he wound up BAND-AID at
the end of 1986 and transferred whatever funds remained to other
charities. He also believes that the initiative should be taken up by
Third World (developing) countries. He says, "the Africans are the
only ones who can pull themselves out of the mess. That should not stop
us from giving now-not out of guilt or because it makes us feel good,
but because giving should be a natural act." Geldof set in motion a
political movement and wrestled the political initiative from the
parliamentary process into the hands of the ordinary people. In a
citation for the Third World Prize, he was commended for mobilizing
millions to give millions. "His overriding contribution has been to
bring into life a dynamic relationship across the North-South divide,
moving aid from the realm of charity into the world of popular
Healing Africa Tour (H.A.T.) Based on the above concept,
which is in line with our own visions and aspirations at this critical
time, we have assessed our responsibility to the Creator, and have
seen the dire need in carrying out our tasks as we should. In our
introspection, it can be seen that the foremost responsibility that our
Creator gave to us is to serve and praise Him in humility and kindness.
For, it is known that musicians and music reaches out to more people
than any other vocation.
On this basis,
Prodigy International Productions Association (PIPA), in collaboration
with the Ghana Association of Private Volunteers In Development (GAPVOD)
and the African Development Programme (ADP), are organizing to present
in Ghana, the "First Africa Peace & Reconciliation for
Development Fund-Raising Benefit Concert & Fair 2003,” schedules
to take place in Accra and Kumasi from December 24 - 31,2003.
The event is to officially launch a proposed "Give Your Heart to
Africa Consolidated Relief Fund” and also to help inaugurate the
following development project initiatives under the banner of “Healing
Africa Tour (HAT): (1) Africa Family Reunion Jam Benefit Concert (AFREJABEC)
and (2) Africa Community Development Relief Project.
Our plan is to have these be paid shows, with the proceeds
accruing from the events, including donations, records and merchandise
sales, going towards the "Consolidated Relief Fund" to be
disbursed to targeted NGOs, needy individuals and organizations. Our
goal is to raise a minimum of 1.5 million US dollars or Euros.
Session B: Children and Youth
The Child in Multiple Crises
Effie Malianga, President, Inter-Country Peoples’ Aid (Zimbabwe)
has been facing a humanitarian crisis since 2001. It has gone through
one international appeal for humanitarian intervention already and
recently has been working on a second appeal. The first appeal received
some resources for food and health while other sectors received nothing.
Although the second appeal was more participatory, ensuring NGO
participation, the Government of Zimbabwe dragged its feet in making an
appeal, which was finally made on 17th July 2003. Unlike the
response to the first appeal, which focused on rural areas, it is hoped
the second appeal would invoke responses that take into account urban
and peri-urban areas.
This presentation seeks to explore how the child in an informal,
peri-urban settlement has been impacted by the prevailing humanitarian
crisis in an environment where the child was already in a crisis
situation by virtue of his existing living conditions. The areas of
focus will be the three peri-urban informal settlements of Porta Farm,
Dzivarasekwa and Hatcliffe Extensions, which are around Harare, the
capital city of Zimbabwe, a landlocked country within Southern Africa. A
study in 1999 described all children in the three settlements as
children in difficult circumstances, hunger being a major factor in the
lives of 90% of the children. Among them are orphans, mostly as a result
of the HIV/AIDS pandemic, children with disabilities, children engaged
in child labour and sexual activity for survival, children who become
pregnant or parents at a tender age, and children whose rights are
degree of poverty, gross overcrowding, unemployment and appalling living
conditions in the settlements have all contributed to a breakdown of the
cultural, social, family and moral standards within the communities.
Children are no longer taught nor supervised to adhere to societal
principles or norms. Furthermore, the lack of cohesion and complete
absence of any responsible authority to whom they can turn for guidance
and help has further exacerbated the breakdown of social norms.
Complicating the plight of the child further is the HIV/AIDS crisis
which has increased the burden on the child as increasingly they find
themselves looking after siblings and their terminally ill parents. In
numerous extreme situations, the young people end up heading the
have been made by several non governmental organizations to work with
the communities to make the life of the children more bearable. The
question is: Are they making a difference or not? Different
organizations have different philosophies when they come to work in a
are several programs on the ground, which include education, early
childhood development, psychosocial support, HIV/AIDS incorporating home
based care and community based orphan care, poverty alleviation, and so
forth. Periodic evaluations and studies continue to find the plight of
the child in these settlements still vulnerable. The poor child remains
caught in the multiple crises of poverty, HIV/AIDS, economic decline,
humanitarian crisis and the sum effect of NGO efforts in their life.
Empowering “Out of School Youths” Through Community
Volunteering: The Mauritius Experience
Busgopaul, Secretary General, Halley Movement (Mauritius)
School attendance does not necessarily guarantee functional
literacy. Many who spend a few years at school and obtain only a very
rudimentary literacy and numeric skills lose them after a while for lack
of use. This session will outline how one NGO in Mauritius, Halley
Movement, is empowering 'Out of School Youths'
through its BETA ( Basic Education To Adolescents) program by engaging
Participants in this session will learn about the reasons for
'school drop outs' and presenter will also give some statistics from one
research work undertaken by the presenter's organization in Mauritius.
They will also be acquainted with the different learning areas developed
for the running of the program and also about the skills and aptitudes
gained by the beneficiaries. This session will help all those who want
to involve volunteers in working with young 'school drop outs'. Through
the presenter's experience of this program, the participants will have
an overview of difficulties that may be encountered when working with
youths from different cultural backgrounds, as it exists in Mauritius.
The basic outline will present a brief overview on the following:
work in Mauritius and in the Indian Ocean region
the Mauritian community volunteers?
situation in Mauritius & literacy levels
and the government
program: Basic Education to Adolescents, BETA Program
resulting from this community based program
and constraints pf working with "Out of school youths"
comments, suggestions and questions
Care and Adoption of Orphans in Uganda
PRESENTER: Sr. Maria Frances Mboyire, Administrator, Child Welfare
and Adoption Society (CWAS)
Child Welfare and Adoption Society (CWAS)
began in 1958 with a mission of caring for abandoned, neglected, and
orphaned children due to civil wars, diseases (especially the AIDS
pandemic), and family problems. Some of the newborn babies have been
rescued from dustbins, pit latrines and hospitals. CWAS has rescued and
cared for 1,300 children. Currently 236 children have been adopted and
42 have been placed with foster families. Without any alternative, the
remaining children are under institutional care. Children deprived of a
family environment lack a sense of belonging, which is essential to
intellectual, moral, and cultural growth and development. Our intentions
are to pinpoint the need for open foreign adoptions and a decent
environment for our children.
It has been shown that adopted children have better living
conditions than those who remain under institutional care. Children in
families perform better academically, are healthier, and are more
emotionally stable than those in institutions. Experience has also shown
that growing up in an institution, even to a mature age, a person
retains some element of dependency, which is so negative to human
development, especially in Africa.
On one hand, CWAS has a Babies Home for children between the ages
of 1 day to 5/6 years old. It
is mostly during this period that we encourage local and international
families to adopt babies/children. Local adoptions are now limited
because, first, HIV/AIDS has resulted in a deterioration of the extended
family system since almost every family has to take on an HIV/AIDS
orphan or two. Secondly, other families are not capable of adopting.
Foreign adoptions are few because it is not allowed unless adopting
parents have lived in the country for three years. All African countries
share this limitation. This is an important issue that needs to be
addressed. On the other hand, for the children that must live under
institutional care, CWAS is also addressing the need for a decent
environment. Under institutional care, they live in deprived conditions,
and it is the institution responsible party for providing a conducive
environment that aids in the growth and development of our children. For
that, the children need a sufficient and nutritious diet, adequate
health facilities, and proper education. Because the caregivers play an
important role, they need to be trained and also there must be a
reasonable ratio of caregiver to the child (1:5). Because there is no
consistent government or non-government subsidy for these institutions,
we are trying to establish self-sustaining projects to reduce the
dependency on charity, which charity cannot re-enforce these objectives.
We solicit support to complete these projects.
appeal to members of the WANGO community to join hands with us in this
struggle of rescuing the African children, to address the lack of open
international adoptions, and improvement of the environment of the
children that remain under institutional care.
Child Safety on the
Internet and in Civil Society
Samal Bundhoo, Youth Director,
Internet Child Safety Foundation (Mauritius)
Internet offers exciting new opportunities for children and families to
research their homework online, communicate with International pen pals,
and build personal websites to share their creativity with others. But
with these opportunities come challenges: How can children remain safe
within their expanding global village?
Children may not understand that there are online risks, and
parents may not be familiar enough with current technological and
other solutions to these concerns. Parents bear the primary
responsibility for teaching their children to be wise and safe Internet
users. To do that parents need to be aware of practical and helpful
resources, safety tips. Therefore, Internet Child Safety Foundation,
as an organization, exists to guide both children and parents
towards a safer world.
Civil Society has its role in the education of parents towards
this safer environment for children. NGOs need to know what should be
undertaken to sensitize parents for a conducive Internet
environment. Practical tips and guides will be demonstrated during this
Learned on Skill Training for Youth From Disadvantaged Families
PRESENTER: Nuy Bora, Director,
has experience in providing skills training for more than 10 years, with
the target group being children in very difficult circumstances. Since
1993 it has been providing education and skills training for orphans,
making use of orphanages as training centers. From 1993 to 1999, it
provided non-formal education and skills training for three years (1
year for bridging course and 2 years for skill training).
This is generally too long for trainees from the disadvantaged
families at the rural areas because they have to work in certain farming
activities to support their families.
As part of its restructuring, in seeking to increase its outreach
as well as impact, Wathnakpheap drastically changed its approach. Since
2000, the restructuring of Vocational Training Centers into Development
Service Centers has been providing a new basis for the work. This
presentation will examine the mission of Wathnakpheap, its change in
approach, and the success of that approach. For example, with regard to
skills training, rather than placing its training centers in a central
position, other new types of vocational training were initiated at
‘private workshops' (on-the-job apprenticeship basis) in 2000, at
collective businesses in 2001 and at communities in 2002.
The skills training at DSCs have been reduced and kept at
minimum. The skill training duration was limited to less than one year.
The shift of emphasis from institutional based training to
private workshop, collective businesses and community-based training
gives more opportunities and alternative options to trainees who are
working children to access skill training, especially for girl trainees.
The numbers of graduated trainees, especially girls, have
significantly increased. On
the other hand, these wide ranges of training give more and more
opportunities to community participation.
Trade training at private workshops
has been found to be far more effective and efficient than center-based
courses in term of cost effectiveness and social relationship
environment. Trainees stay on with the private workshop where they were
trained, and as wageworker, and have opportunities for direct contact
with many customers and easily get employment at the private workshops.
Skills training at communities are fit to the children, especially girls
from disadvantaged families, in term of short course duration and the
relation with self-employment since their families (even the children)
cannot go without incomes for a long period.
Skills training at communities contribute actively in the
creation of self-employment, the development of livelihood and family
The most effective training program
for low education or school dropout children are practical, hands-on
demonstrations, repetition and trial-and-error. The periodic meeting between private workshop owners and
instructors could improve gradually the training methodology both at the
centers and private workshop.
Love is the Answer to Sex-related Problems
Chung To, Secretary General, Women’s Federation for World Peace,
modern society worldwide is faced with devastating problems related to
sex. In this paper, we create the awareness that the sexual organ can be
considered the most important part of the body, because it holds the
love of the parents and the seed of life for the descendants.
many people are unaware of the value of their sexual organ, misusing it
even to the point of indulging in prostitution. The physical
consequences of premature sexual activities are such things as teenage
unwanted pregnancies, STDs, AIDS.
the unmarried couples suffer from emotional problems like depression,
anxiety, fear of commitment, and so forth. In the case of students,
their education suffers, complicated by poverty, child abuse, and
neglect. Even their family suffers with them. Young people indulging in
sexual practice seek measures to prevent accidental pregnancies.
However, the usage of condom has a failure rate of 10-15%, and birth
control pills have long-term side effects on a girl/women's health.
Equally important, they are not free from emotional problems.
best solution, offering 100% protection, is to control oneself and say
NO to sex before marriage (abstinence). This allows the avoiding of
physical and emotional problems, stress, a broken heart and an
unpeaceful mind. In addition, learning self-control before marriage is
preparation for a happy marriage in a monogamous relationship.
dressing, watching good films and reading good books instead of
pornography keep one away from the negative tendencies of unwarranted
sex indulgence. Instead of wasting time in less desirable activities,
one could instead participate in sports and social activities. Some
people pretend they should learn about love through these cheap media,
believing they are procuring reliable information; instead they acquire
unhealthy and inaccurate information. Here we elaborate on the different
types of natural and sound love they can receive from within a family.
the context of pure love, we want people to be aware that the sexual
organ is as precious as a treasure. They have to lock it up and keep the
key safely for their future spouse. After exposing the various facets
involved, we entertain in a concluding remark to improve our families
and societies and share our knowledge about the preciousness of the
sexual organ, and that we treasure it well for marriage and the
future generations. It is possible to save sex for marriage and a
healthy world will come. It starts from each one of us to do our
responsibility and set good examples.
an Ethical and Caring Community for Children
Kinsley Eshun, Executive Director and Founder, Luckyhill Childrens Home
we are all confronted with global enemies, namely, poverty, HIV /AIDS,
civil war, immorality, domestic violence, terrorism, diseases and many
more. These have brought perilous hardship to humanity. As a result of
all these and other challenges, school-age children are left on the
loose to fend for themselves. Parents of young children have died
pre-maturely. These children then take to the street for survival,
consequently encouraging streetism, child delinquency and other social
vices. Some of these children are used during civil wars and other
These children psychologically are so much affected that
integrating them into society is no small task. The same vulnerable
orphans and destitute individuals are sometimes used as drug peddlers,
hence becoming drug addicts themselves. The government today tend to
spend a greater part of its scanty resources for such causes, and relies
on the assistance of NGOs in reforming these children.
Children Home Foundation believes that these children, if adopted,
guided and educated or given equal support, will one day, live to
provide priceless service to their communities, thereby helping in bring
comfort to humanity.
As members of WANGO, we should feel a brotherhood and love for
all people in all nations of the world,
and especially for those in
our own community and nation. We must be supportive to our country and
people, and do all we can to help our government meet the necessities of
those in need. Many societal problems come because some individuals and
families do not live honest and moral lives. Before we can be of service
to our community and nation, we must be honest in
all our dealings with our fellow men. We must must first take
care of ourselves and our families and try to overcome any problem that
affects them. Our communities, countries and the world at large have a
great need for dependable and honest citizens, who are willing to help.
Often prostitution, pornography and other moral evils can be stopped,
only if a group of people act together. This means someone must first
get the group organized, and be in a better position to lead out against
Session C: Women in the 21st Century
Migrant Women (Domestic Workers) in the GCC Countries
Nabeel Rajab, Vice President and Head of the Migrant Worker Group,
Bahrain Centre for Human Rights
law in the GCC countries fails to cover domestic workers, who constitute
a large proportion of migrant women workers. These workers face
numerous violations and, unfortunately, there is no deterrent procedure
against the breaching of a law to protect this powerless segment in
The Bahrain Centre of Human Rights, through its involvement in
resolving complaints filed by domestic workers, has pinpointed the
hazards they face. This presentation will examine the challenges such
individuals encounter. For example, the procedures of employing domestic
workers leaves specification of tasks to the discretion of the sponsor.
The sponsoring family may bring in the housemaid, who is not aware how
many members of the family, she will be serving. At this point,
the family will decide the role of the maid, be it a baby-sitter, cook,
cleaner or car washer or all together. Based on the cases received by
the Centre, it has been found that the family may impose restrictions on
the maid's movement, place of living and break time. Likewise, the
number of working hours may not defined, making her work endlessly, and
a housemaid will find herself receiving orders from different family
members, and occasionally even working in other locations outside the
family home. They may be
deprived of possessing their personal documents and ability to practice
their religious rituals. Sponsors
may introduce changes in the work contract, if there is any contract.
The domestic worker might be sold, transferred, hired or forced to
commit adultery, or forced into being a mistress of the sponsor. There
is hardly any serious investigation into claims of women domestic worker
to the state bodies, and the domestic workers legal and social recourses
are limited and often ineffective.
This presentation will also look at proposals and solutions for
this serious problem, including issues of cultural development,
contracts with clearly defined rights and duties (and jointly signed by
the sponsor, the worker, the embassy, the recruiting agency and the
Ministry of Labour), legal regulations, governmental inspections,
international treaties, and other important measures.
Why Not More Women in Politics and Women Decision Makers?
Dimitrescu, Vice President, Romanian Association for European
Integration and Democracy (RAEID)
you read the press or turn on the TV set, it is surprising how minimized
is women’s presence in the media, with the exception of the gutter
press or others that make sales using a certain kind of news. Seldom do
you hear about women’s achievements, or do you see a show where are
invited women of business or women involved in public life. Very rare
indeed is the women politician.
Is this to be a domain exclusively for men?
History proved that things are not staying like this. Queens and famous
empresses, women ambassadors, cabinet secretaries, military leaders, and
ministries are invalidating the rule. Why do not women vote for women?
Why do not women want to be involved more? What are we doing for
ourselves? Why do we accept only what is being offered to us and do not
wish for more?
These are rhetorical questions but we need to answer them. The
woman should be involved more courageously and persuasively in changing
her destiny and not only participating according to the presentation of
some static evaluations regarding participation from the second stage to
the social-political life
Many international organisms and organizations have militated
since the beginning of the last century for the elimination of the
submissive and always-willing-for-self-sacrifice woman mentality. Since
1878, we can read in Ibsen, Nora's said: "Before all, I am a
give these examples for better understanding the discriminations that
the woman was submitted to in time, her self-ignorance, the sacrifices
that she made, with or without approval of society, of the family or the
religious dogmas. My presentation is designed to convince women to
participate more in social and political life, to improve their
knowledge by special trainings, and to create a WANGO International
Trainers Team in order to help our WANGO Family to become a worldwide
voice of peace and cooperation.
Carey Study and Research Centre (WCSRC)
Jyotsna Chatterji, Director, Joint Women’s Progrramme, William Carey
Study and Research Centre (India)
The William Carey Study and Research Centre was started in 1975 & the
Joint Women’s Programme was started in 1977. It is a movement of
people for their freedom and the creation of a new society with equal
partnership of women and men. It is open to all those who believe in its
objectives and are willing to participate in the specific struggle of
WCSRC believes in the concept of equal justice & thus upholds
the constitutional provision of Human Rights. For it, the women’s
question in India is both a concern of the female sex and an important
part of interrelated phenomena, including caste, class, ethnicity,
culture, religion, and so forth. The JWP’S program to combat this
total system of oppression and exploitation is therefore comprehensive
in nature. The emphasis of the organization is on grassroots level
organizing of women and the community in the rural and urban areas;
issue based campaigns, networking at the regional and national levels
among women’s groups and others; studies; research; publications;
documentation; cultural action; seminars; conference and workshops
related to action. Increasingly the legal and socio–economic rights of
the marginalized section & women as well as their struggle for human
rights are attracting the attention of the whole organization.
This presentation will discuss the work of the WCSRC, including
organizing women and the community, legal rights, legal reform and
advocacy, health, education and gender sensitization, socio-economic
programs, violence against women and children, human trafficking,
political participation, child rights, migration and advocacy, cultural
action, methodology, and studies.
in Bangladesh: Social Situation, Including Education, Health and
Violence Against Women
PRESENTER: Zeenat Ara Bhuiyan, President , Bangladesh Federation of
Teenage Mothers and Domestic Values
PRESENTER: Sheila A. Chapman-Wong, Chairperson, Women’s Millennium
increasing number of young mothers in Guyana, South America –
particularly teenagers with several children – has caused me, as a
concerned women’s advocate, to utilize the Women’s Federation for
World Peace (WFWP), Guyana Chapter to commence seminars throughout the
country under the theme “Preparing Young People for Healthy Living.”
Also of concern in Guyana is the troubling problem of domestic
violence. The Domestic Violence Act was passed in Parliament in 1996,
but issues to be addressed are cultural and traditional, as domestic
violence continues to all regions of Guyana. As a practicing
Attorney-at-Law, specializing in family law, both issues of young
mothers and domestic violence will be ventilated in this presentation.
Light and Hope
Khaleda Rahman, President, Light and Hope (Bangladesh)
have suffered from the moment of civilization and that women have
everything but freedom is a gripping revelation. Especially in
developing countries like Bangladesh, where poor and destitute people
suffer from all kinds of basic needs, the women and children suffer the
most devastating situations as they are stifled by the unbearably
restrictive lifestyle imposed upon them.
and HOPE is a dream taken shape into reality, which pledges to stand
besides these helpless, destitute women, as well as children, by
extending the kind and strong hand of support. Thus, a destitute woman
or a child who sees the world around as a dark place can see through the
endeavors of LIGHT and HOPE the inspiration of living and step into a
world of light and hope.
Since they involve a large part of the population, women are an
important factor in the development of a country. In addition, being
mothers, women also have a very important role to educate themselves in
order to bring up the future generation properly. In Bangladesh, women
control most of the non-money economy, as well as can take part in the
money economy also -- as a
result of which they have to undertake two responsibilities: around the
house and outside. But much of their work or labor is not recognized and
cannot expect any support. Hence their health, work and the motivation
of taking incentives suffer, making the path of development lag behind.
In most cases, few of these poor or destitute women have the opportunity
to undertake marketable skill training.
Keeping all these in mind, LIGHT AND HOPE evolved on the evening
of April 19, 1993, with the objective to help the deprived sector of our
society. The objectives put forward were practically initiated through (a)Education
Programme; (b) Health and Hygiene Programme; (c) Self Reliance Programme;
and (d) Social Awareness and Family Peace Programme.
The Education Programme was launched to give non-formal education
to the poor women and children. The Health and Hygiene Programme offered
regular free health check-ups as well as general health awareness,
health care and family planning. Healthy drinking water and proper
sanitation consciousness were also included in this scheme. The Self
Reliance Programme was to motivate women by giving loans for cottage
industries or other marketable skill trainings. The Social Awareness and
Family Peace Programme includes awareness among women’s development
and prevention of women or child trafficking and initiates the process
of issuing a birth certificate of a new born child.
AND HOPE came into being as the dream of a housewife and has strived up
to the present, facing many ups and downs, with her own funds and
support from friends and relatives. Now, more members who think alike
have extended their support to make this dream come true and exist
amongst all limitations. With the sincere devotion and wish, LIGHT AND
HOPE surely would mark its way in the enlightenment of the darkened
sector of society and give them a world of hope.
Role of Women in the Peace Building Process in Northeast India
PRESENTER: Maria Theresa Mangte, Founder, Tribal Welfare Society (India)
presentation will address the role of women from northeast India in the
peace building process. The
decade-long ethnic violence in northeast India, among different ethnic
tribes, has caused uncountable deaths and destruction. In those
situations, women and children were always found to be the worst
victims. Many were rendered homeless and thousands of children became
orphans. During those turmoil years, we initiated a small movement for
peace building, which will be the focus of this presentation.
For our experiences, we learned
that although women were the worst sufferers, they also played a crucial
role in bringing the warring parties to the negotiating table. This was
possible, primarily, because during conflicts women were always regarded
as a neutral party, and were looked upon not as an aggressor but as a
victim of conflict, whose interests rest only with the well-being of the
communities at war.
We have also found that girls
involved in marriages in different communities were always sandwiched
(burdened) between the warring tribes as they cohabit in patrilocal
environments. This factor has also contributed to their being accorded
status in peace building. There are many more instances and examples of
successful peace initiatives undertaken by these women of conflict,
which will be presented.
Session D: NGO Networking
in Africa: Challenges and Opportunities
Bougei Attah, Executive Director, NGO Guide
There is no doubt that the
establishment of the World Association of Non–Governmental
Organizations, WANGO, is one great accomplishment at building bridges
across nations and people in this trying period in our lives. In just
three years since its initiation, it has succeeded not only in meeting
its primary goal of uniting NGOs worldwide, but has served also as a
rallying point for Non–State Actors and other stakeholders in the
non-profit sector worldwide.
it is necessary to congratulate the visionaries and the think-tank team
of WANGO administrators for serving as an instrument towards
strengthening of civil society beyond boarders, it is equally important
to unveil, as a reminder, the greater task of championing this cause
the gates of every border lies a hidden and diversified task that cannot
be overlooked. Africa as a case study paints a vivid picture of this
renaissance; the concept which is anchored on much expectation, peaked
by long years of deprivation.
WANGO has an urgent need to recognize this peculiarity to ensure
that the emerging and successor generation of Africans acquire the
exposure, knowledge and other basics that will effectively prepare them
for the challenges of “Open World,” as well as the great opportunity
of using African resources as a means of achieving this goal.
Challenge for Umbrella Organizations: The Cases of Eight Different
European Umbrella Structures
Bank, Vice President, Hungarian Children and Youth Parliament
In this paper, umbrella organizations
are compared with a combined methodology of questionnaire and
interviews. These results can be used for making existing umbrella
structures more “useful”
for the different stakeholders.
In the past few decades, a special awareness was given to
multiple platforms in the non-profit sector. The first main goals for
establishing these organizations were channeling the common interest of
the member organizations into the decision/making processes of the
public sector. Following the evolution of some such structures, in the
paper it is shown that besides not being as successful as expected,
other strategic problems also arose, like the question of the real
mission, the active role, the representativity, the common virtues, and
The author examined thoroughly seven European national youth
umbrella organizations and also a Pan-European one. The combined
methodology of the research included a wide variety of secondary and
primer tools. These umbrellas combine all kinds of member-organizations:
from political to religious, from environmental to health-focused, from
non-formal to educational. The main aspects of the research were:
mission and basic virtues, evolution, structure, decision-making,
every-day working, events, target-groups and focus areas, interest
channeling, financing, and connection with other structures. These are
compared in the paper in order to find the main processes and dimensions
making these organs work and ways of being more useful.
Some practical considerations for further discussion is presented
on how to be a more useful umbrella organization for the different
Root Medical Peace Corps: Reintroducing Taiwan to the Global Community
-- the Past, Present and Future Role of Taiwan’s NGOs, with Taiwan
Root as a Case Study
Chiu-Chun, President, Taiwan Root Medical Peace Corps
known as the “Economic Miracle of Asia,” Taiwan has only begun to
expand its work in the non-governmental field.
This presentation will discuss the evolution of Taiwan’s NGOs
from local organizations to global networks taking on the challenges of
internationalization and contributing to the global community.
the past fifty years, Taiwan has experienced vast changes.
Emerging from World War II politically and economically unstable,
Taiwan also found its public health infrastructure in tatters.
Through the efforts of the local government, in combination with
international organizations such as UNICEF and the WHO, Taiwan was able
to successfully develop a grassroots-level public health approach and
eventually achieve a high standard of living for its population.
During this developmental stage, the work of Taiwan’s NGOs
focused primarily on local issues, but since then they have gradually
moved to incorporate a broader scope.
Taiwan’s NGOs, through international projects and advocacy, are
working towards developing concepts of global citizenship.
Taiwan Root Medical Peace Corps’ mission and current projects
reflect this evolution process. Originally,
Taiwan Root was dedicated to bringing medical care and advocating public
health to isolated and impoverished mountain populations.
The growing number of volunteers recruited since Taiwan Root’s
establishment is an indication of increasing public awareness of
domestic health issues. Four
years ago, Taiwan Root began to expand beyond the nation’s borders in
hopes of building similar sustainable healthcare systems in needy
overseas communities. The
desperate conditions Taiwan Root encountered during its first
international trip to Macedonia made the team of volunteers realize the
incredible health needs of the developing world and the ability for
Taiwan to contribute. Taiwan Root was motivated to commit firmly to international
The process, however, is far from complete.
Taiwan Root hopes to use its international medical work to raise
awareness among Taiwan’s citizens and mobilize the population to
increase contributions to overseas humanitarian efforts.
Taiwan Root will work to expand its international health
education programs and foster sustainable overseas medical development
by cooperating with local NGOs. Taiwan
Root, along with other Taiwanese NGOs, are geared to establish the
nation as a contributing member of the global community.
WANGO, and SUNFO
PRESENTER: Dr. W. A. Deshapriya S. Wijetunge, Director General, Sri Lanka –
United Nations Friendship Organization (SUNFO)
presentation will first provide an overview of Shi Lanka, in terms of
its history, culture, people, and other facts. It will also look at the
government of Sri Lanka, including its administration system, as well as
the role and responsibility of NGOs in Sri Lanka. Also examined will be
the objectives and projects of the Sri Lanka – United Nations
Friendship Organization (SUNFO).
This presentation will also examine opportunities for WANGO
members to work with SUNFO, beginning with a discussion of how WANGO
member Taiwan Root became acquainted with SUNFO at the 2002 WANGO Annual
Conference and began to collaborate on some health care programs in Sri
Reviewed will be how WANGO members can become involved in joint
international cultural, educational, mind development, and tourist
avenues in Sri Lanka, as well
as a discussion of the SUNFO Global Village for Peace Culture and
Friendship Project and the SUNFO World Congress on Positive Thinkers.
Cibaeña NGO Association in the Dominican Republic
Leonardo Mieses, Asociacion Cibaeña de Organizaciones no
Gubernamentales (ACONG – WANGO, Dominican Republic)
Asociacion Cibaeña de Organizaciones no Gubernamentales (ACONG), which
represents WANGO in the northern part of the Dominican Republic, has
developed a number of projects, which will be discussed in this
has developed an educational project with young people, beginning at the
age of 16, to prepare them in diverse ways – training courses such as
computer, English, music, baking, and so forth. This training program is
completely free, with the goal of assisting poor people who cannot pay
for their children to go to a training program to receive a certificate.
This program is designed to prepare them to find a quality job, with a
better salary, that will allow them to assist their family, and achieve
future educational goals.
are also involved in a large environmental project to clean up our
rivers in the Cibao region. That project involves the local community
and part of the government’s environment department for that region.
The human labor is provided voluntarily by the community. We have
cleaned already at least three kilometers of the Gurabo River and we
have also done some planting of trees along the riverside.
is continuing with a project that will help to bring prevention of many
illnesses in the region, and save a lot of our children from dying with
NGOs: A Futuristic Vision
Prof. Kashinath Pandita, General Secretary, Asian-Eurasian Human Rights
essential purpose of the institution of non-governmental organization
has been that of providing such input to state administrative structures
as would contribute to the concept of good governance. It reflects the
evolutionary process of making people active and purposeful partners in
the running of their state and in shaping the contours of their society
in days to come.
At one point in time, it was thought that NGOs have the primary
role of informing, warning, alerting and criticizing the governments.
Even now, some NGOs, especially those affiliated with organizations like
the UN Human Rights Commission, ECOSOC, and so forth, are going along
the same trend. Obviously,
no government wants public criticism of its shortcomings or
discrepancies whether intentional or not. This has generally been an
irritant in the relations between these NGOs and the governments
concerned. The fact is that, in theoretical terms, NGOs are not intended
to be anti-government or anti-state.
Now that we have entered the 21st Century, a new
vision of society and inter-social relations is fast developing.
Likewise, the relationship between ruler and the ruled is also
undergoing a sea change. There is a cry for transparency on every side,
and there is an upsurge for recognition of ethnic, cultural, religious,
linguistic and other identities.
The question is how should societies be facilitated in addressing
these requirements? Obviously, the governing institutions have to be
restructured in order to broaden their vision of the society that will
take its shape in years to come. For this purpose, intensive and
broad-based participation of the people and their institutions is a
primary requirement. Therefore, NGOs have to play a crucial role in
times to come. They have to become an effective instrument in good
governance, going beyond the rather unfruitful role of criticizing the
governments for their failure here and discrepancy there.
This presentation examines a futuristic vision of NGOs. Discussed
will be a future role of the NGO community, involving a special estate
which becomes the reservoir of public opinion and popular demand without
being exploited by the interested parties or the government, and which
rises to the occasion to build vast infrastructures to contribute to the
alleviation of the human plight. In the case of developing countries,
the role of the NGOs has to be a very significant and effective one.
NGOs shall have to transcend the physical, ideological and other
barriers and serve humanity as one fraternal block.
Prospects of Development of a Culture of Global Civil Society
PRESENTER: Fuad Mamedov,
President, Association of Culture of Azerbaijan "Simurq"
global crisis in modern world culture demands correct, proven,
scientific and ethical answers, involving accepted representations and
rules, perfection of political culture, a culture of the responsibility
and consumption, management, and international attitudes. One of the
most pressing problems of world development is the problem of the
formation of culture of global civil society. Addressing this problem
opens new opportunities for construction of a culture of the world, the
prevention of enmity of peoples, conflicts and terrorism, a decrease in
the level of corruption and poverty, strengthening of family as basic to
social life, a better mutual understanding of people, and safe
development of humanity in the new century. The high spiritual culture
will rescue the world if the world will protect culture.
is called to play an important role in overcoming the crisis of culture
and the achievement of a steady development in the modern world. In the
interests of forming of culture of a global civil society, it is
necessary to create conditions to increase the creative role of WANGO,
as one of conducting international social institutes and a major tool of
global democratic construction -- to arrange for development of an
international network all over the world. It is our contention that an
effective mechanism of forming and developing a culture of a global
civil society in new century could become the creation at WANGO of
international advice on world culture. It would open essentially new
opportunities for a correct vision and perfection of a system of the
international attitudes, humanizing lives on the Earth. In structure of
such advice, it could enter the most authoritative representatives of a
science, art and religion, and also skilled policies and independent
experts - culturologists of various countries of the world.
the primary goals of such advice it is possible to formulate the
following: (1) Cultural education
aimed at studying the history of world culture, cultural gains and the
experience of welfare development of mankind; (2) Assistance in forming
a high-ethical social culture of humanity on the basis of harmonization
of cultures, religions and interests of citizens and peoples of the
different countries in conditions of globalization; (3) Development of
programs and projects of welfare development of humanity, supposing
formation of a new social environment for interconnected development,
the statement of culture of the world and increase of well-being of
peoples; and (4) Coordination of welfare activity of the various
countries, and development of scientifically proved recommendations for
decision-making at the United Nations on questions of a world cultural
a view of successful realization of an international cultural policy, it
would be expedient to initiate under the aegis of WANGO the
International University of World Culture as a complex establishment for
realization of educational, research and educational activity. In case
of interest, the Association of Culture of Azerbaijan "Simurq"
can prepare the project of such a university, supposing preparation and
retraining of persons and leaders, devoted to values of culture of civil
society. The basic directions of such university can include: a history
and theory of world culture; international attitudes; international law
and management; economic and international trade; international
journalism; ecology of the person and nature; and the organization and
management of NGO activity.
Session E: Human Security I – Peace, Conflict Resolution,
Role in Reducing Global Violence via Sustaining the Interpersonal Human
Sorror Qarooni, Vice President, Bahrain Women’s Society
Violence and crime is becoming a globally spread phenomena
of varying magnitudes and originating backgrounds. Nevertheless, in
every case, it is in one way or another affecting the human social
integrity worldwide and slowing down its progress and, furthermore,
negatively interfering with the aimed-for sustained development. One of
the prime originating sources for violence and crime is the lack of, and
in many cases the absence of, an individual sense of security, which
collectively adds ups to form a major artery supply for the observed
globally spread violence, crime and hatred. NGOs do have a substantial
role to assume in mitigating this global problem by appreciating the
association between the individual's security and his/her social or
community personal relationships, or better expressed as the
"interpersonal human security" and its overall implication
when projected on a global scale.
presentation will discuss the root causes for the observed lack of
interpersonal human security and how it developed. It will further
discuss the impact of the lack of interpersonal human security and how
it participated in increasing violence and the crime rate in
communities, in particular, and the globe, in general.
The main focus of the paper, however, is establishing the role of
NGOs in 3 main areas, namely: (1) working on preventing lack of
interpersonal human security; (2) dealing with the government and other
organizations to detect and work on reducing the problem; and finally
(3) NGO networking. The paper makes use of official and governmental
documented studies and published statistics to support the arguments
raised and the suggested recommendations.
Romanian Police Abuses
Dr. Aurora Martin, Vice President, Romanian
Women’s Future (Romania)
purpose and structure of this presentation is twofold: (1) to give an
insight into the different issues relative to the abuses of the Romanian
police, and (2) to underline the role of NGOs in preventing and
correcting human rights' abuses by the Romanian state security
police abuses are rooted in the longstanding practices of the Romanian
communist regime. Getting police officers in Romania to stop serious
abuses is the country's biggest human rights problem. Police continue to
beat detainees, still employing large-scale torture and mistreatment
during detention, usually at police stations. Moreover, police abuses
are lengthy and rarely result in prosecution or punishment. Partly this
is because police officers are tried in military courts, and military
prosecutors often conduct "unnecessarily lengthy and often
purposefully inconclusive" probes.
The existent legal framework and especially the practices of
Romanian legal authorities make it impossible for victims of
maltreatment to obtain compensation and repair by the legal recognition
of their right to remedy. According to internal penal-procedure norms,
the victims of physical and psychological violence may address the chief
police officer of the police station where abuses were made. It is
obvious that a complaint made in such conditions has practically no
chance of being resolved. The victims may also address a prosecutor in a
penal complaint against police officers who committed torture. In this
case, too, the victim's intervention does not result in any resolution
of the case, for a number of reasons, including the fact that the only
witnesses are the victims themselves and the investigating police
officers, the victim's access to a doctor or attorney is forbidden, and
the tortured persons are isolated from any exterior contact, at least
until visible traces of lesions have faded away.
The NGO community has a very important role to play in addressing
this situation. This presentation will detail a number of avenues that
NGOs can pursue in trying to correct this situation, including human
rights monitoring, exposing abuses, guiding legislation, encouraging
debate, and other critical actions.
Democracy, National and Human Security – and the Role of NGOs
Swarup, Secretary General, World League for Freedom and Democracy; Asian
Pacific League for Freedom and Democracy (Republic of China)
The World League for Freedom and
Democracy is 49 years old. We have member chapters in more than 100
countries, and meet every year in Asia to discuss current issues, and in
countries outside Asia to discuss world issues.
Democracy, freedom and human rights are among the most essential
values for all humanity to pursue; they are the benchmark for a modern
civilized society. Today, we live in a global village where each country
has become increasingly dependent on each other, but differences remain
between cultures, religions and nations, and often result in hostility
and conflicts. Nevertheless, we have to be optimistic that our common
goal to pursue democracy and freedom will help reduce these conflicts
and bring a more peaceful future for the world, and Asia in particular.
The events of September 11, 2001 have given a challenge to the
freedom-loving people of the world. The world community now recognizes
the evils of terrorism. Peace and security is our target, but the
security is threatened and peace has been disturbed. At the same time,
the brave people of Asia and the Pacific have showed their solidarity
and determination to fight international terrorism and fight economic
This presentation will address the issue of worldwide freedom and
democracy. It will also examine the subject of national and human
security and the role of NGOs and the United Nations. Discussed will be
the meaning and scope of security, the shift from national security to
the human security paradigm, the effect of globalization, and the
concept of global governance. In terms of this later concept, the goal
of global governance is not the creation of world government, but of an
additional layer of international decision-making between governments
and international organizations that is comprehensive and not merely
piecemeal social engineering – multi-sectoral and democratically
accountable in the shared management of the troubled and fragile world
Social Development in Cambodia
Sarin, Executive Director, STAR Kampuchea
STAR Kampuchea, a Cambodian non-profit
organization, began in 1997. Its goal is to strengthen democracy in
Cambodia by strengthening civil society. STAR Kampuchea gives
cooperation and support to civil society, and offers a channel for a
common voice so that civil society can advocate for a stronger
democracy. STAR Kampuchea has built up credibility with government,
civil society groups, the people, and donor agencies.
STAR Kampuchea has three main programs.
The Advocacy and Information Program (AIP) organizes major events for
people to speak with Members of Parliament and local authorities, in
order to solve grassroots issues. Every
year, AIP distributes 6000 copies of major laws, for example, the
Cambodian Constitution, Land Law, and Administrative Commune Law. The
aim of this distribution is to educate the people to understand the
essence of the laws, aiming to reduce violence and violation of laws.
AIP also publishes a bi-monthly newsletter, with more than 10,000 copies
every year, to inform the public about the activities of STAR Kampuchea,
AT, COs, and PANs. The Newsletter also provides space for the public to
express their concerns, specifically related to the practice of
democracy in Cambodia. Most important, the newsletter educates the
people through publication of laws that are of concern to the general
of its advocacy position on new laws, STAR Kampuchea is known as a
centre for legal documents.
The Capacity Building Program (CBP) provides training in Decentralization,
Advocacy and Networking, Advocacy Analysis Issues, Persuasive Writing,
Networking, Media and Communication, Land Law, and the Impacts of the
Globalization on the grassroots. In addition, this program organizes
field trips throughout Cambodia and the region. The CBP aims to
strengthen the capacity of the COs and the PANs to address local issues.
The Legislative Development Program (LDP) advocates for better and more
appropriate laws. By sharing draft laws, translated legal documents and
analysis, LDP facilitates the work of others who are active in the legal
field. The material is made available on a web-site. LDP also works to
bring law drafts to the people in the provinces to get their input. The
comments from the grassroots are presented to the lawmakers.
Rights Violations: A Hidden
Terrorist Attack Against Humanity
R. Moreno, Director, Intercontinental Group; Founder, Fundacion Moreno
world has been a victim of terrorist attacks: September 11 with the
destruction of the World Trade Center towers in New York City; the
constant war between Palestine and Israel; the guerrillas attack in
Colombia, Mexico, and Guatemala; the wars in Liberia and Afghanistan;
terrorist attacks in Pakistan, the Philippines, and Russia; and the list
is never-ending. But have we taken Human Rights Violations as an attack
against humanity? Have we understood that abuse of political power is
also another form of terrorist attacks against humanity?
Fundacion Moreno was founded to help those victims of human
rights violations throughout Latin America, after my family itself was a
victim of human rights violations by political forces in Venezuela ten
years ago. It was after we had our experience that I decided to take
responsibility for those cases of human rights violations in countries
around Latin America and the Caribbean where governments constantly
abuse their power and persecute people that might constitute a threat to
their wrong doings.
Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, an entity belonging to the
Organization of American States (OAS), has been a pioneer dealing with
human rights violations in the Continent; but the road to reach the
organization’s help, the process, difficulties, lack of knowledge, and
means to personally present cases in Washington, D.C. are far too
difficult for many victims of human rights violations to achieve. To
ease the pain and suffering of many that want to be heard, and to speed
the process in cases where it is just impossible to count on the
Commission, I decided to create a movement that would try to modify the
laws in our countries by giving rights to victims of political, social
and economic abuses.
The WANGO Assembly has the responsibility to look into this issue
worldwide and to make NGOs aware of these circumstances. Each NGO at the
annual conference should take steps toward abolition of human rights
violations in their countries of origin, and a worldwide organization
should be created to back those NGO’s in search of a more human
society. Fundacion Moreno will back every movement towards the abolition
of human rights violations throughout the world.
Disabled People’s Role in the Cambodian National Election
PRESENTER: Srey Vanthon, Country Representative, Action on Disability and
on Disability and Development (ADD) is an NGO supporting development
work directly with disabled people. ADD views disability as a human
rights issue and works within the social model of disability, by
addressing the social, economic, political, environmental and cultural
issues which prevent disabled people from gaining self-respect and
participating in their local communities.
ADD Cambodia Program started in 1995 with the mission of supporting
disabled people's organizations (DPOs) to build up their capacity in
order to advocate for equal rights and opportunities and promote the
inclusion of disabled adults and children into mainstream society. ADD
selected two among 22 provinces for its initial work and encourage
people with disability to scale up the program and expand coverage areas
2003, ADD has been facilitating a campaign that aims to build the
capacity of disabled people to perform an important civic function,
namely the observation of – and participation in – Cambodia’s
general election of 2003. It trained 200 disabled people to act as
election observers in the forthcoming national election in Cambodia,
thereby enabling them to assess both the extent to which the election is
free, fair and transparent and the degree to which the election process
is accessible to voters with disabilities. In recognizing their
important role, people with disabilities from all 146 self-help groups
have decided to form their own Observation Group, consist of different
types of people with disabilities (people with moving difficulties,
physically impairments, seeing, speaking and hearing impairments, and
women with disabilities), to participate in the coming National Assembly
Hing Srey, a totally blind women, is an example. She has
mentioned that she feel very happy to volunteer as an Election Observer.
She had the experience of having polling station Officers refuse to
register her name in the list of citizen who have rights to vote. Hing
Srey has protected her rights by standing up to them. She is
volunteering to be an Election Observer, because she wants to
demonstrate the capacity of people with disabilities and she wants to
encourage all people with disabilities to claim their rights.
African Human Sustainable Project (RAHSP)
PRESENTER: Duncan Mbewe, Chairman, African Agency of Humanitarian Aid
Africa has faced a number of vices
likes HIV/AID, street youths, and vulnerable people in our society. The
feasibility study of the project has shown that the root cause of the
above challenges is mainly poverty, defined as a problem, and also minor
causes like ignorance and peer pressure. Therefore, in solving the
above-mentioned problems, the project shall also focus on integrating
the vulnerable in the informal sector business for self-reliance. The
project is designed in three phases.
The Objectives of the project are (1) To undertake a diverse
HIV/AIDS awareness program involving churches, communities, youths and
teachers and, therefore,
achieving a wide base; (2) to improve the conditions of the vulnerable
people through integrating them into the business sector under phase two
of the project; (3) to facilitate and promote participatory approach in
alleviating vulnerable living conditions; and (4) to provide a center
that shall offer basic programs in HIV/AIDS counseling, tailoring,
carpentry, woodwork, farming micro-project, business skills and
strategies of self-reliance. The nature of support to be provided shall
be based on visual participatory methodologies, workshop-training
programs involving the target groups like the vulnerable, churches,
schools, communities and youths.
The project is viable and shall generate participation and group
interaction, creating a clear sense of involvement, ownership and
determination to address the mentioned vices and problems.
Human Security II – Health Issues, Crime,
and Educational Projects of the Bangladesh Lions Foundation
PRESENTER: Dr. Azizul Karim, Bangladesh Lions Foundation
Lions Foundation (BLF) is a non-governmental, non-profit, non-political,
voluntary organization. A few enthusiastic members of Lions Clubs in
Bangladesh established it in 1974. Now the BLF is the apex body of about
ten thousand (10,000) lions of Six Lions Districts in Bangladesh.
BLF is financed by contributions and donations from Lion members
as well as various philanthropic individuals and earnings from its Eye
Hospital. A 40-member Management Board, which is elected every year at
its AGM, manages the Foundation.
The following are the important projects run by BLF:
- One 85-bed Lions Eye
Hospital at Agargaon, Dhaka, Bangladesh;
- Eyesight screening
camps in schools, urban, and rural areas;
- Free Medicare, mother
and childcare projects;
- Education projects,
- Voluntary Blood
is giving more importance on eyesight screening and treatment. Cataract
is the most common cause of global blindness. Bangladesh, with a
population of about 140 million, has about 1 million blind people due to
cataract. Every year, 150,00 new cases of cataract patients are added to
the blind community. Cataract can affect newborns and the elderly. It is
easily removable with restoration of better vision at a minimal cost.
With this motto, Lions Eye Hospital has launched cataract patients
screening camps at the doorstep of poor patients in and around greater
Apart from regular outpatient treatment, 3,000 to 6,000 surgeries
are performed every year at this hospital.
Gender and Agricultural Development
Ajuonu, President, Rural Women Foundation
like other debilitating diseases, has a great impact on every aspect of
our livelihood and the economy, be it agriculture, petroleum, mining,
education, and so forth. The disease is peculiar because it cuts across
age, race, cultures, and nations. It is worrisome because women and
people aged between 15-49 are the worst hit and this age bracket is the
major productive force in any country, especially in the agricultural
For any nation to boast of food security, its agricultural sector
should be developed. Agricultural development is therefore essential,
but its achievement is not an easy task and the scourge of HIV/AIDS,
especially in sub-Saharan Africa, has worsened the situation.
Women in developing nations make up the major agricultural
workforce in the agricultural sector (rural areas) and are also affected
by socio-cultural issues, which have great impacts on their lives and
the development sector. Gender consideration of the impact of HIV/AIDS
on agriculture therefore is important in order to fully address some
issues in achieving a ‘Caring Global Community’.
This paper offers a clear picture of HIV/AIDS, gender and
agricultural development. Issues and challenges, which could easily
affect and deplete agricultural development and food security, through
the impact of HIV/AIDS, as well as the expectations and solutions from
different stakeholders on how to contribute to making the global
community a food secure community in the face of the scourge, are also
discussed in this paper.
The concluding portion addresses the need to raise awareness of
the impact of HIV/AIDS on agriculture and amongst people who live their
lives carelessly, without any consciousness of the danger and spread of
the disease, in order to achieve a behavioral and attitude change.
Up HIV/AIDS Prevention and Care: The Response of the Khmer HIV/AIDS NGO
Panhavichetr, Executive Director: KHANA
is a national NGO that provides technical and financial support to 39
local NGOs and CBOs in 14 provinces and three municipalities across
Cambodia to respond effectively to HIV/AIDS. KHANA’s mission is to build
the capacity of Cambodian NGOs to respond to HIV/AIDS by providing
technical and financial support to develop effective and sustainable
community based HIV/AIDS prevention and care interventions.
achieve this, KHANA works in partnership with local NGOs to: (1)
Mobilize NGOs and focus resources; (2) Strengthen the capacity of NGOs
and CBOs to implement HIV prevention, care and support for PLHA and
their families, and do advocacy activities to reduce stigma and
discrimination; (3) Document good practice and lessons learned; and (4)
Strengthen strategic alliances to scale up the response to HIV/AIDS.
actively promotes community participation at all stages of projects and,
through the use of participatory tools and methodologies, specifically
encourages the participation of those most affected by HIV/AIDS,
including PLHA and community leaders. KHANA provides technical support to partner NGOs in the form
of one to one technical support visits, workshops to address specific
technical issues, exchange visits and the development of resources.
KHANA encourages partner NGOs to focus their HIV prevention
activities on “key” populations, including sex workers, men who have
sex with men and PLHA; builds the capacity of peer educators ,and
implements innovative prevention efforts, such as National Youth Camps,
with young people.
relation to care and support, KHANA supports the majority of home based
care for PLHA and their families in Cambodia, currently supporting 17
home care teams in 5 provinces and Phnom Penh.
It also supports 2 major networks to advocate for HIV/AIDS
issues. These include CPN+,
who advocate for the rights of PLHA at community, national and
international levels and also co-ordinate PLHA self-help groups in 7
provinces; and, HACC, who coordinate over 80 NGOs working on HIV/AIDS
and organize high profile advocacy campaigns, such as for World AIDS
KHANA shares good
practices and lessons learned through the development of participatory
tools, conducting participatory appraisals and through oral and poster
presentations at national and international conferences and meetings.
KHANA works in close collaboration with a range of key stakeholders,
including government, international/local NGOs, and donors to develop
complementary approaches and strengthen links with key services.
and After-Care of Prisoners
PRESENTER: Pastor Alex Waklatsi, Executive Director, Christian Care
Christian Care Organisation was incorporated in 1992 as a
charitable, prison service, non-governmental organization in Ghana. Its
focus is rehabilitation and after-care of prison inmates and
ex-prisoners. Over the years, CCO has organized various programs, some
of which are:
Prisons, Prisoners and National Development – the role and the
responsibility of the community;
Crime Prevention and Offenders Treatment – seeking security and
justice for all;
Women in Prison – recognizing the difference.
The official total annual inmates lock-up for the year 2000
was 494,459. This showed an increase of 16,705 or 3.5% of the annual
lock-up of 1999, which was 474,488. The average monthly lock-up was
9,507. If nothing is done immediately by society, our prisoners would
come out from custody to infect unsuspecting members of the community.
We, in the Christian Care Organisation, have the vision of becoming an
organization that can work with and through national and international
bodies and NGO’s throughout the world. We invite others to join hands
with us in fellowship to help give hope to someone who is despairing
today. We in CCO have drawn up proposal to visit all prisons in Ghana
with visual presentation of the dreaded HIV/AIDS situation and hope
others will share in this vision.
Relationship Between Self, Family and Society in Order to Build the
Greatest Harmony in the World
PRESENTER: Ws. Mulyadi, Chairman of
Foreign Affairs of The Supreme Council for Confucian Religion in
Indonesia (SCCRI) or MATAKIN (Majelis Tinggi Agama Khonghucu Indonesia)
Nowadays, we realize that life is very
complex and there are numerous problems in the world: terrorism, drugs,
crime, social programs, inter-religious conflicts, internal conflicts in
the nation, and even wars. Why do we live in such circumstances and
situations? We believe that it is not our purpose or desire to live
under such worrisome and frightening situations. Everyone wants to live
happily and peacefully; everywhere we want to live in a harmonious
society and peaceful country. We need to find a way and solution to work
hand to hand to save the world and human life.
presentation will offer views about the Confucian ideal society and how
to achieve the greatest harmony in the world. Examined will be such
issues as the fundamentals of Confucianism, the situation of
Confucianism in Indonesia, the five basic social relationships, the self
as the center of relationships, and the relationship of self and family,
and self and society, as well as the principles of moral responsibility,
self-cultivation and personal virtue. The presentation will review how
children should be respectful and filial to their parents and how
parents should take care of their children at home, the role of women in
building up a good family and harmonious society, and how to advance the
harmony in one’s family, society and nation. It will also touch upon
the Confucius Peace Plan and means to build the greatest harmony in the
Blueprint for the Culture of Peace
PRESENTER: Imam Ameer P. Salahuddin, Director, Islamic Center of
Passaic/Patterson, in Association with the American Society of Muslims
Order is a natural phenomenon; harmony
and peace are the byproducts of order. If order is to be consistent,
then limits are established to preserve the harmony and the peace.
Opposites, or opposition, set the balance, and the balance sets the
limits. Where there are set limits, there is stability. When we exceed
the limits, we are in violation of divine law, and violating the divine
law puts us in harms way. From the religious and spiritual point of
view, salvation is to be saved from excessive behavior, thus avoiding
wrath of God. Humankind needs to be saved from a self-destructive
mentality: A mentality created by a value system derived from the
popular culture. Popular culture is an experimental lifestyle that has
no checks or balances; thus the followers of popular culture are
confused about reality and are experiencing a state of demise. By what
we witness in terms of human interaction, it is evident that humankind
is lost. The history of man, the legacy passed down from one generation
to the next, is one of death and destruction. This legacy, according to
scripture, began when our primal ancestors violated divine law. The
consequence for violating divine law was the beginning of the culture of
culture of death produces minds that naturally work at destroying life
on our planet. Weapons of mass destruction, pollution of the air and
water, the destruction of the forest and natural life, and wars are
by-products of the culture of death. In these modern times, the
destruction of life has grown to the extent that there is great concern
within the scientific community over the future of the human family.
goal is to become men and women of peace. To become men and women of
peace we must be free of the baggage of the political left, and the
political right. We must be able to step outside of the pale of
sectarianism and religious bigotry and become the arbitrators of God, a
community in the center calling all to what is right. It is through our
commitment to what is right that we can effect changes, and begin the
process of remaking our environment, and thus, remake the world.
Remaking the world is to remake cultures into cultures that preserve and
cherish life. This cannot be done until there is a culture of peace.
blueprint for this culture of peace has been designed and is in place.
This culture of peace as well as all social activities begins with male
and female relationship. It is God who created male and female and put
affection between them so they may live in harmony together. This is the
solution: restore the family to a lifestyle that is productive. We must
use our resources to teach people good values. The agents of the culture
of death use their resources to teach people how to die; let the NGO’s
use their resources to teach people how to live.
relationships between human beings should be based on unity, love, and
mercy. When we understand this in life, we will have reached a level of
maturity that makes us true human beings. The fact of the matter is that
their will be no peace until we come to this type of understanding.
There is only one race, and that is the human race. We share one home
– this planet called earth. We were created from one water, and breath
the same air, and our biological makeup is based on one blood. The
things that are missing in the relationship of human beings are: unity,
love, and mercy.
and the Promotion of Peace
PRESENTER: Shri Sadguru
Parawadeshwar Maharaj, President, Shri Sadguru Parwadeshwar (India)
Earth is a true Mother for all of us, since it distributes its resources
without fear or favor to any, and holds all of us as equal children of
her Home. In a sense, this
world is to be seen as a single family residing at different places.
We should always remember this fact that all the plants, birds
and animals are part of our family and this planet is a Big Home for all
habitats. Are we not all
co-passengers in the compartment of life on this Planet?
How can we then think of destroying or disfiguring or dividing
any thing that coexists with us, for the reason that we have developed
strength and resource. How
can we not think about future passengers of this Planet and their needs?
If so, are we not expansively utilizing and thoughtlessly
exhausting the resources of the Planet?
All the beneficial products
generated are through the experience gained from knowledge, involving
securing happiness from external objects.
Yet, human beings are not wholly happy because of: (i)
misunderstanding of ‘Dharma’ and
(ii) excessive association to the various addictions.
Any addiction destroys the longevity of the body, and similarly
non-understanding or mis-understanding “Dharma” destroys society.
Such individuals will have diseased heart and decayed mind, and
are not useful to any. It
is an experience gained from the past.
This presentation will offer a program from the Parawadeshwar
Maharaj Organization to end the above menace. The discussion will stress
the importance of “Dharma” and the necessity to understand its true
meaning. It reviews the current situation of the world, with 65% of the
population being hard pressed to survive, the situation of the poor
children, economic imbalance, conflicts, and so forth, and an approach
to address such problems. Discussed will be a methodology to discipline
the mind which in turn works for promotion of peace and demotion of
conflicts. By this
methodology, when accepted and practiced, in every day life, the
individual gain strength to live in peace and cooperation.